~Have You Covered All the Bases?~
Do you know how to legally quote from another writer in your own commercial works? In scholarly works, it is usually acceptable to quote from someone as long as you footnote and include a bibliography. That just doesn’t work in commercial fiction and non-fiction.
When I was writing my first novel, I wanted to include a quote and a few lines from a poem by Giorgios Seferis, a Nobel prize winning Greek poet. I knew that I would need permission to do this.
When I wrote textbooks for a major publisher, I had to search for the referencing information, and then they did the final application and made the payments. But for my romantic suspense my small press publisher tasked me with searching for and obtaining the permissions.
So I set out on a detective hunt…
Finding the Source
To start with, the Seferis quote I wanted to use I found on one of those quote collection websites.
“We have many monsters to destroy. Let us think of the answer of Oedipus.” ~Giorgios Seferis
All I had were the words and the author’s name. I assumed at the start that it was a line from Seferis’ poetry. After extensive Google searches on a variety of words and after a reading of his poetry, I discovered that the quote actually came from his acceptance speech before the Novel Prize Committee.
Getting permission to use the quote was easy. I followed the directions on their website, communicated directly with the Nobel Committee Public Relations Officer, and was granted free use.
The poetry excerpt was a bit more difficult. First, I had to find the original publication in English which turned out to be by Princeton University Press. They sent me to the Copyright Clearance Center. I had to fill out extensive forms and pay a fee. In my case I quoted 4 lines of poetry and was charged $70.
It took several weeks and a number of e-mails to obtain both permissions. But in the end I was granted my permissions. Both organizations required specific wording.
Here is the final wording that appeared in my novel Beneath the Skin.
The quote from Giorgos Seferis’ speech at the Nobel Banquet at the City Hall in Stockholm, December 10, 1963 from Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969 Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1963 is reprinted by permission of the Nobel Foundation.
The selection from the poem “Mythistorema” by Giorgios Seferis from the volume George Seferis, Collected Poems by George Seferis, 1995, is reproduced with permission of Princeton University Press.
A Flow Chart to Get Permissions
Jane Friedman has published a Basic Guide to Getting Permissions that all authors should keep as a reference. She also explains why you need to get permissions, gives examples of permission request letters and discusses costs. Check it out! I have reproduced her chart below:
Some Suggestions for Writers
If you are thinking of quoting from another writer, here are some things to plan for based on my experience.
- Allow sufficient time to get the permissions – it may take several months.
- Quotes taken off the Internet may not be in their original form. You may need to do some creative searching to find the original source.
- You will need to have access to the original source material as you will be asked to give page numbers when asking permission.
- Be prepared to pay a fee. Note: Poetry is the most expensive to quote.
Note: If you would like to learn more about my novel, Beneath the Skin, visit my author website.
12 thoughts on “Don’t Get Sued – How to Get Permission to Quote from Literary Works”
Great information, Zara. Sometimes no matter how hard we try not to plagiarize or anything close to it, it happens. The timing here is excellent. Better to check than be sorry.
Thanks Sandra, If we want other authors to respect us, we need to respect their work too. I purposely didn’t use the word plagiarize as it brings up college term papers and stuff. But you are right. Quoting without getting permission is plagiarism. Applies to images taken off the Internet too. But that is another post.
Interesting and informative post. I admire your perseverance and stamina. Thanks for the info.
It did take a bit of sleuthing, but at least I could do it all from my computer chair. Getting permissions before the digital age was a lot harder.
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Informative post, Zara! I was curious if brief one-line song lyrics before the 1900’s would need permission? Like a holiday-themed song? I’ve bookmarked your post for future reference. Thanks for sharing! 🙂
As Jane Friedman says in her article, songs are tricky in a commercially sold book. The best thing would be to contact the publisher. Even old, old songs may have been republished by someone who now holds the current copyright. This is the detective work I talk about. Here is a forum discussion on the topic. https://writers.stackexchange.com/questions/6797/are-music-lyrics-copyrighted
When I wrote Iris Rainbow, I considered quoting from Your Wildest Dreams by The Moody Blues, since that was the inspiration for it. I balked because the process would take about as long as it took to write the book. I decided not to use quotes at all in my stories.
Lots of authors end up doing that because it is a hassle. I think I persevered because I had done it for quotes and artwork for my textbooks and had pretty good idea of what the process involved.
Excellent information, Zara! We tend to forget about such requirements, especially when we find the words so easily on the internet. Thanks!!
There are so many quotes on the web that are misquoted or wrongly attributed that we do need to be a bit more scholarly when we go to use them. I happen to love doing research so for me finding the source is always exhilarating.
Awesome information! Thank you for the time you must have put in to collect it.
Jane Friedman’s article is really great. But sometimes, it is helpful to have an actual example to illustrate the process. I also thought it important to get the word out to romance authors as this type of information is usually directed to non-fiction authors, such as biographers.